Romanization systems

romanization systems

non-romanization systems

For more information on writing the Chinese languages using romanization and other systems that do not rely on Chinese characters, see this site's section on romanization-related readings, especially "Sound and Meaning in the History of Characters: Views of China's Earliest Script Reformers," by Victor H. Mair, and "One State, One People, One Language," by John DeFrancis.